COPYRIGHT is a legal term used to describe the rights that creators have over their literary and artistic works. Works covered by copyright range from books, music, paintings, sculpture and films, to computer programs, databases, advertisements, maps and technical drawings.

There are two types of rights under copyright:

ECONOMIC RIGHTS: allow the rights owner to derive financial reward from the use of his works by others

MORAL RIGHTS: are the rights to claim authorship of a work, and the right to oppose changes to the work that could harm the creator’s reputation

Most copyright laws state that the author or rights owner has the right to authorize or prevent certain acts in relation to a work. The rights owner of a work can prohibit or authorize:

  • its reproduction in various forms, such as printed publication or sound recording;
  • its public performance, such as in a play or musical work;
  • its recording (“fixation”), for example, in the form of compact discs or DVDs;
  • its broadcasting, by radio, cable or satellite;
  • its translation into other languages; and
  • its adaptation, such as a novel into a film screenplay.

With the introduction of the Copyright (Amendment) Act, 2012, the entire landscape of copyright laws in India has seen a paradigm change in scenario.